Fathah ( َ ): A short diagonal stroke above the letter creating an "a" sound, like the 'a' in bath. For example: letter ب is pronounced 'b + a = ba.'
Kasra ( ِ ): The same dash but written below the letter creating an 'i' sound, like the 'i' in sit. For example: letter ب is pronounced 'b + i = bi.'
Damma ( ُ ): A looped symbol above the letter creating an 'u' sound, like the 'u' in put. For example: letter ب is pronounced 'b + u = bu or boo.'
Once your child understands these short vowel marks, you can move on to the Sukoon and Shaddah marks.
Sukoon ( ْ ): A small circle above a letter. It indicates the absence of a short vowel.
Shaddah ( ّ ): A small 'w' above the letter. It represents the doubling of a consonant
Printing Instructions: Print in A4 size (21cm x 29.7cm) on cardstock or laminate for extra durability.
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